After Algeria achieved independence, Jews were forbidden from pilgrimage to most of the holy sites in North Africa, including the Mausoleum of Alnaqua. In 2003, under the rule of current President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, a plan was set, in collaboration between France and Algeria, to reopen the Jewish synagogues and burial sites in Algeria.
In 2005, in response to a request from France, the Algerian authorities allowed the relaunching of the pilgrimage season for Jewish delegations from Europe. Jewish delegations began to visit various historical and religious sites and to conduct pilgrimages to the mausoleum of Ephraim Alnaqua, the 15th-century founder of the Jewish community of Tlemçen. In 2006, the Algerian parliament passed a law assuring freedom of religion, which led to the authorization of an official Jewish association in Algeria.
In 2014, Minister of Religious Affairs Mohamed Eissa declared his intent to reopen the closed Jewish synagogues, affirming that the Algerian constitution guaranteed freedom of religion and promising governmental protection. However, he subsequently retreated from this position, claiming that the Jews themselves were not enthusiastic about reopening the synagogue.
Today there are no functioning synagogues in Algeria; Jewish cemeteries are wrecked and abandoned, and young Algerians have no idea that more than 130,000 Jews once lived in their country.