The Nuremberg Laws
On 15 September 1935, the German Parliament (Reichstag) unanimously passed two race-based measures, infamously known as the Nuremberg Laws, depriving Jews of rights.
The Nuremberg Laws, which consisted of the Reich Citizenship Law and the Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor, sought to define Jews as a race and differentiate them from so-called Aryans, despite the fact that there was no scientific basis for the existence of such racial categories. The Reich Citizenship Law stated that German citizenship was reserved for those with “German or kindred” blood, declared that Jews were a separate race and demoted Jews from citizens to “subjects” of the state. Included in the definition were individuals who were born Jewish and had Jewish ancestry but had converted to another religion and those with three Jewish grandparents, who were deemed "racially” Jewish. The other component of the Nuremberg Laws outlawed marriage and sexual relationships between Jews and Aryans as a criminal offense.